How do I restrict people from looking up the server version?
  • 08 Jan 2021
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How do I restrict people from looking up the server version?

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By default, BIND servers will answer a query in the chaos domain for a text record named "version.bind" (for example, dig @127.0.0.1 ch txt version.bind) with a string containing information about the server.

By default, named answers this query with the software version number of the server. However, the answer is customizable by the operator: if you wish to specify a different answer, put a version option containing something other than the real version in the "options" section of named.conf, e.g. version "none of your business"; or version none; (where "none" is a special value which prevents the server from answering at all).

Note: many operators choose to do this, feeling that providing unnecessary information to attackers can only be harmful. However, this does not prevent attacks and may impede external diagnosis of problems with your server. Also, it is often possible to "fingerprint" name servers to determine their version from the way they respond to specific queries, so suppressing the actual version string may not prevent an attacker from deducing your version from other clues.

It is also possible to deny or rate-limit access toversion.bind and other built-in chaos records by re-defining the built-in chaos zones version.bind, hostname.bind, authors.bind, and id.server in a new chaos view:

    view "override_bind" chaos { 

       # Prevent use of this zone in DNS amplified reflection DoS attacks
       rate-limit {
            responses-per-second 3;
            slip 0;
            min-table-size 10;
       };
       
       zone "version.bind" chaos {
            type master;
            database "_builtin version";
       };

       zone "hostname.bind" chaos {
            type master;
            database "_builtin hostname";
       };

       zone "authors.bind" chaos {
            type master;
            database "_builtin authors";
       };

       zone "id.server" chaos {
            type master;
            database "_builtin id";
       };
    };

The full configuration of the built-in "_bind" view can be seen in bin/named/config.c.