CVE-2021-25214: A broken inbound incremental zone update (IXFR) can cause named to terminate unexpectedly
Document version: 2.0
Posting date: 28 April 2021
Program impacted: BIND
Versions affected: BIND 9.8.5 -> 9.8.8, 9.9.3 -> 9.11.29, 9.12.0 -> 9.16.13, and versions BIND 9.9.3-S1 -> 9.11.29-S1 and 9.16.8-S1 -> 9.16.13-S1 of BIND 9 Supported Preview Edition, as well as release versions 9.17.0 -> 9.17.11 of the BIND 9.17 development branch
Exploitable: Remotely, if a target server accepts zone transfers from a potential attacker.
Incremental zone transfers (IXFR) provide a way of transferring changed portion(s) of a zone between servers. An IXFR stream containing SOA records with an owner name other than the transferred zone's apex may cause the receiving
named server to inadvertently remove the SOA record for the zone in question from the zone database. This leads to an assertion failure when the next SOA refresh query for that zone is made.
When a vulnerable version of
named receives a malformed IXFR triggering the flaw described above, the
named process will terminate due to a failed assertion the next time the transferred secondary zone is refreshed.
CVSS Score: 6.5
CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
For more information on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System and to obtain your specific environmental score please visit: https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln-metrics/cvss/v3-calculator?vector=AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H&version=3.1.
Disabling incremental zone transfers (IXFR) by setting
request-ixfr no; in the desired configuration block (
server) prevents the failing assertion from being evaluated.
We are not aware of any active exploits.
Upgrade to the patched release most closely related to your current version of BIND:
- BIND 9.11.31
- BIND 9.16.15
- BIND 9.17.12
BIND Supported Preview Edition is a special feature preview branch of BIND provided to eligible ISC support customers.
- BIND 9.11.31-S1
- BIND 9.16.15-S1
Acknowledgments: ISC would like to thank Greg Kuechle of SaskTel for bringing this vulnerability to our attention.
Document revision history:
1.0 Early Notification, 14 April 2021
1.1 Disclosure schedule change, 15 April 2021
2.0 Public disclosure, 28 April 2021
See our BIND 9 Security Vulnerability Matrix for a complete listing of security vulnerabilities and versions affected.
Do you still have questions? Questions regarding this advisory should go to email@example.com. To report a new issue, please encrypt your message using firstname.lastname@example.org's PGP key which can be found here: https://www.isc.org/pgpkey/. If you are unable to use encrypted email, you may also report new issues at: https://www.isc.org/reportbug/.
ISC patches only currently supported versions. When possible we indicate EOL versions affected. (For current information on which versions are actively supported, please see https://www.isc.org/download/.)
ISC Security Vulnerability Disclosure Policy:
Details of our current security advisory policy and practice can be found in the ISC Software Defect and Security Vulnerability Disclosure Policy at https://kb.isc.org/docs/aa-00861.
The Knowledgebase article https://kb.isc.org/docs/cve-2021-25214 is the complete and official security advisory document.
Internet Systems Consortium (ISC) is providing this notice on an "AS IS" basis. No warranty or guarantee of any kind is expressed in this notice and none should be implied. ISC expressly excludes and disclaims any warranties regarding this notice or materials referred to in this notice, including, without limitation, any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, absence of hidden defects, or of non-infringement. Your use or reliance on this notice or materials referred to in this notice is at your own risk. ISC may change this notice at any time. A stand-alone copy or paraphrase of the text of this document that omits the document URL is an uncontrolled copy. Uncontrolled copies may lack important information, be out of date, or contain factual errors.