CVE-2021-25220: DNS forwarders - cache poisoning vulnerability
Document version: 2.0
Posting date: 16 March 2022
Program impacted: BIND
- 9.11.0 -> 9.11.36
- 9.12.0 -> 9.16.26
- 9.17.0 -> 9.18.0
BIND Supported Preview Editions:
- 9.11.4-S1 -> 9.11.36-S1
- 9.16.8-S1 -> 9.16.26-S1
Versions of BIND 9 earlier than those shown - back to 9.1.0, including Supported Preview Editions - are also believed to be affected but have not been tested as they are EOL.
When using forwarders, bogus NS records supplied by, or via, those forwarders may be cached and used by
named if it needs to recurse for any reason, causing it to obtain and pass on potentially incorrect answers.
Some examples of configurations that will be vulnerable are:
- Resolvers using per zone or global forwarding with
forward firstis the default).
- Resolvers not using global forwarding, but with per-zone forwarding with either
forward first(the default) or
- Resolvers configured with global forwarding along with zone statements that disable forwarding for part of the DNS namespace.
Authoritative-only BIND 9 servers are not vulnerable to this flaw.
The cache could become poisoned with incorrect records leading to queries being made to the wrong servers, which might also result in false information being returned to clients.
CVSS Score: 6.2
CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:H/A:N/E:U/RL:U/RC:C
For more information on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System and to obtain your specific environmental score please visit: https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln-metrics/cvss/v3-calculator?vector=AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:H/A:N/E:U/RL:U/RC:C&version=3.1.
If applicable, modify your configuration to either remove all forwarding or all possibility of recursion. Depending on your use-case, it may be possible to use other zone types to replace forward zones.
We are not aware of any active exploits.
Upgrade to the patched release most closely related to your current version of BIND:
- BIND 9.11.37
- BIND 9.16.27
- BIND 9.18.1
BIND Supported Preview Edition is a special feature preview branch of BIND provided to eligible ISC support customers.
- BIND 9.11.37-S1
- BIND 9.16.27-S1
ISC would like to thank Xiang Li, Baojun Liu, and Chaoyi Lu from Network and Information Security Lab, Tsinghua University and Changgen Zou from Qi An Xin Group Corp. for discovering and reporting this issue.
Document revision history:
1.0 Early Notification, 9 March 2022
1.1 Correction to official document link, 16 March 2022
2.0 Public disclosure, 16 March 2022
See our BIND 9 Security Vulnerability Matrix for a complete listing of security vulnerabilities and versions affected.
Do you still have questions? Questions regarding this advisory should go to email@example.com. To report a new issue, please encrypt your message using firstname.lastname@example.org's PGP key which can be found here: https://www.isc.org/pgpkey/. If you are unable to use encrypted email, you may also report new issues at: https://www.isc.org/reportbug/.
ISC patches only currently supported versions. When possible we indicate EOL versions affected. (For current information on which versions are actively supported, please see https://www.isc.org/download/.)
ISC Security Vulnerability Disclosure Policy:
Details of our current security advisory policy and practice can be found in the ISC Software Defect and Security Vulnerability Disclosure Policy at https://kb.isc.org/docs/aa-00861.
The Knowledgebase article https://kb.isc.org/docs/cve-2021-25220 is the complete and official security advisory document.
Internet Systems Consortium (ISC) is providing this notice on an "AS IS" basis. No warranty or guarantee of any kind is expressed in this notice and none should be implied. ISC expressly excludes and disclaims any warranties regarding this notice or materials referred to in this notice, including, without limitation, any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, absence of hidden defects, or of non-infringement. Your use or reliance on this notice or materials referred to in this notice is at your own risk. ISC may change this notice at any time. A stand-alone copy or paraphrase of the text of this document that omits the document URL is an uncontrolled copy. Uncontrolled copies may lack important information, be out of date, or contain factual errors.