CVE-2022-3094: An UPDATE message flood may cause named to exhaust all available memory
Document version: 2.1
Posting date: 25 January 2023
Program impacted: BIND 9
- 9.16.0 -> 9.16.36
- 9.18.0 -> 9.18.10
- 9.19.0 -> 9.19.8
(Versions prior to 9.11.37 were not assessed.)
BIND Supported Preview Edition
- 9.16.8-S1 -> 9.16.36-S1
(Versions prior to 9.11.37-S1 were not assessed.)
Sending a flood of dynamic DNS updates may cause
named to allocate large amounts of memory. This, in turn, may cause
named to exit due to a lack of free memory. We are not aware of any cases where this has been exploited.
Memory is allocated prior to the checking of access permissions (ACLs) and is retained during the processing of a dynamic update from a client whose access credentials are accepted. Memory allocated to clients that are not permitted to send updates is released immediately upon rejection. The scope of this vulnerability is limited therefore to trusted clients who are permitted to make dynamic zone changes.
If a dynamic update is REFUSED, memory will be released again very quickly. Therefore it is only likely to be possible to degrade or stop
named by sending a flood of unaccepted dynamic updates comparable in magnitude to a query flood intended to achieve the same detrimental outcome.
BIND 9.11 and earlier branches are also affected, but through exhaustion of internal resources rather than memory constraints. This may reduce performance but should not be a significant problem for most servers. Therefore we don't intend to address this for BIND versions prior to BIND 9.16.
By flooding the target server with UPDATE requests, the attacker can exhaust all available memory on that server.
CVSS Score: 7.5
CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
For more information on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System and to obtain your specific environmental score please visit: https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln-metrics/cvss/v3-calculator?vector=AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H&version=3.1.
No workarounds known.
We are not aware of any active exploits.
Upgrade to the patched release most closely related to your current version of BIND 9:
BIND Supported Preview Edition is a special feature preview branch of BIND provided to eligible ISC support customers.
ISC would like to thank Rob Schulhof from Infoblox for bringing this vulnerability to our attention.
Document revision history:
- 1.0 Early Notification, 18 January 2023
- 2.0 Public disclosure, 25 January 2023
- 2.1 Correction to BIND Supported Preview Edition affected versions, 25 January 2023
See our BIND 9 Security Vulnerability Matrix for a complete listing of security vulnerabilities and versions affected.
Do you still have questions? Questions regarding this advisory should be mailed to email@example.com. To report a new issue, please encrypt your message using firstname.lastname@example.org's PGP key, which can be found here: https://www.isc.org/pgpkey/. If you are unable to use encrypted email you may also report new issues at: https://www.isc.org/reportbug/.
ISC patches only currently supported versions. When possible we indicate EOL versions affected. For current information on which versions are actively supported, please see https://www.isc.org/download/.
ISC Security Vulnerability Disclosure Policy:
Details of our current security advisory policy and practice can be found in the ISC Software Defect and Security Vulnerability Disclosure Policy at https://kb.isc.org/docs/aa-00861.
The Knowledgebase article https://kb.isc.org/docs/cve-2022-3094 is the complete and official security advisory document.
Internet Systems Consortium (ISC) is providing this notice on an "AS IS" basis. No warranty or guarantee of any kind is expressed in this notice and none should be implied. ISC expressly excludes and disclaims any warranties regarding this notice or materials referred to in this notice, including, without limitation, any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, absence of hidden defects, or of non-infringement. Your use or reliance on this notice or materials referred to in this notice is at your own risk. ISC may change this notice at any time. A stand-alone copy or paraphrase of the text of this document that omits the document URL is an uncontrolled copy. Uncontrolled copies may lack important information, be out of date, or contain factual errors.